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更新时间  2022-09-21 22:05 阅读
本文摘要:八上英语温习提纲(人教版)Unit1 Where did you go on vacation?Activities:(写出动词已往式)go on vacation 去度假 be on vacation 度假stay at home 待在家里go to the mountains 去爬山go to the beach 去海滩visit museums 观光博物馆go to summer camp 去观光夏令营quite a few 相当多study for 为……而学习go


八上英语温习提纲(人教版)Unit1 Where did you go on vacation?Activities:(写出动词已往式)go on vacation 去度假 be on vacation 度假stay at home 待在家里go to the mountains 去爬山go to the beach 去海滩visit museums 观光博物馆go to summer camp 去观光夏令营quite a few 相当多study for 为……而学习go out 出去most of the time 大部门时间taste good 尝起来很好吃have a good time 玩得兴奋of course 固然feel like 给……的感受;感受到 feel like doing sthgo shopping 去购物in the past 在已往walk around 四处走走because of 因为one bowl of… 一碗……the next day 第二天drink tea 品茗find out 找出;查明go on 继续take photos 照相something important 重要的事up and down 上上下下come up 出来不定代词有 all, each, both, either, neither, one, none, little, few, many, much, other, another, some, any, no, (a) few, (a) little, both, enough, every 等,以及由 some, any, no 和 every 组成的合成代词(即somebody, anyone, nothing 等)。在这些不定代词中,多数都能作主语、宾语、表语或定语,可是代词 none 以及由 some, any, no 和 every 组成的合成代词只能作主语、宾语或表语,不能作定语,而 no 和 every 则只用作定语。

复合不定代词:由 some,any,no,every 加上-body,-one,-thing 组成的不定代词,叫做复合不定代词。somebody = someone 某人something 某物,某事anybody = anyone 任何人anything 什么事物,任何事物,无论什么事物nobody = no one 没有人,不重要的人nothing 没有工具,什么也没有;不重要的人或事everybody = everyone 每人,人人,所有人everything 每一个事物,一切词组:for nothing(徒劳,没有好效果,免费),nothing but(仅仅,只不外),It’s nothing. (不用谢,不必在意)anybody else(别人)(1) 复合不定代词只相当于名词,在句子中作主语、宾语和表语,而不能作定语。Everything is made of elements.任何工具都是元素组成的。

(作主语) I have nothing to say toady.我今天没什么可讲的。(作宾语)That`s nothing.没什么。

(作表语)(2) 作主语时,谓语动词用单数。(3) 取代与-thing 组成的复合不定代词,用 it;取代与-body, -one 组成的复合不定代词,一般用they,在正式文体中可用 he。

如:Everyone knows what they have to do, don’t they ?Everyone knows what he has to do, doesn’t he ? 每小我私家都知道他必须做什么,不是吗?(2) something 和 anything 的区别与 some 和 any 的区别一样,前者一般用于肯定句,后者一般用于否认句、疑问句或条件状语从句中。I have something important to tell you.我有重要的事情要告诉你。(肯定句)Someone is asking to see you.有人要见你。(肯定句)Has anything happened ?出什么事了吗?(疑问句)We can`t decide anything now.我们现在不能作什么决议。

(否认句)If you want anything, call me.你要是需要什么可以给我打电话。(条件状语从句)(3) 复合不定代词被定语所修饰时,形容词或不定式等其他定语则须放在它们的后面。There is nothing wrong with the machine.这机械没出什么毛病。(形容词) This is something special. 这是种特此外工具。

(形容词)Is there anything important in today``s newspaper?今天报纸上有什么重要消息吗?(形容词)Do you want anything to drink ?你想喝点什么吗? If there is anything I can do for you , please tell me.如果有什么我能帮你的,请告诉我。④除与-thing 组成的复合不定代词外,即 everyone、everybody、someone,somebody 都有所有格形式;当其后有 else 时,’s 要加在 else 后面。

如: That must be somebody else’s coat; it isn’t mine. 那一定是别人的外衣,不是我的。⑤everyone=everybody, anyone=anybody, 只指人,不能与 of 短语连用;every one, any one 可指人也可指物,一定要与 of 连用才可以。

如:Is anybody here? 有人吗?You can take any one of these. 你可以随便拿一个。⑥与 some-,any-组成的复合不定代词的用法与 some, any 的用法相同。与 any-组成的复合不定代词一般用于否认句或疑问句中,not…any-组成完全否认,但没有 any-…not 的说法;与 some-组成的复合不定代词用于肯定句、预料作肯定回覆的疑问句、建议或请求的疑问句中【巧记复合代词分合】:分合皆能单独用,后加 of 合不成。

【巧学不定代词】:不定代词隽誉扬,修饰身分后边藏;单数动词作谓语,何时何地都一样。buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth.为某人买某物taste + adj. 尝起来…look+adj. 看起来…smell 闻起来 sound 听起来 feel 感受起来taste delicious…look beautiful…smell terrible … sound wonderful… feel comfortable /tired / bored/ nothing…but+动词原形除了……之外什么都没有seem+(to be)+ adj.看起来…… No one seemed to be bored.seem to do sth.arrive in+大所在 / arrive at+小所在到达某地decide to do sth.决议去做某事try doing sth.实验做某事 / try to do sth.努力去做某事forget doing sth.忘记做过某事/ forget to do sth.忘记做某事enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事want to do sth.想去做某事start doing sth.开始做某事stop doing sth. 停止做某事stop to do sth. 停下往复做某事keep doing sth.继续做某事keep on doing sth. 重复做某事有小停歇Why not do. sth.?为什么不做……呢? so+adj.+that+从句如此……以至于……it is + adj. + for sb. +to do sth 对某人来说做…怎么样tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事 ask sb. (not) to do sth. 要求某人(不要)做某事want sb. (not) to do sth. 想要某人(不要)做某事1. anywhere 与 somewhere两者都是 anywhere在任何地方 , 常用于否认句和疑问句中。

I can’t find it anywhere.somewhere在某处,到某处,常用于肯定句。I lost my key somewhere near here.2. seem + 形容词看起来….. You seem happy today.seem + to do sth. 似乎、似乎做某事I seem to have a coldI seems / seemed + 从句看起来似乎…;似乎….It seems that no one believe you. seem like ….似乎,似乎…..It seems like a god idea.3. decide to do sth.决议做某事They decide to visit the museum. decide + 疑问词 + 动词不定式He can not decide when to leave.4. start doing sth = start to do sth. 开始,可与 begin 交换。

He started doing his homework.但以下几种情况不能用 begin .1) 开办,开办: He started a new bllkshop last month.2) 机械开动: I can’t start my car.3) 出发,动身: I will start tomorrow morning.5. over 介词,多于,凌驾,在…以上(表现数目、水平)= more than My father is over 40 years old.在…之上,与物体垂直且不接触,与 under 相反。There is a map over the blackboard.凌驾: I hear the news over the radio.广泛: I want to travel all over the world.6. too many 太多,后接可数名词复数: Mother bought too many eggs yesterday. too much太多,修饰不行数名词,修饰动词作状语。We have too much work to do.Don’t talk too much. Much too太,修饰形容词或副词。

The hat is much too big for me.You’re walking much too fast.分辨三者的口诀: too much, much too, 用法区别看后头: much 后接不行数, too 后修饰形或副。too many 要记着,后面名词必复数。7. because of介词短语,因为,由于,后接名词、代词或动名词,不能接句子。

He can’t take a walk because of the rain.because 连词,因为,引导状语从句,表现直接明确的原因或理由。I don’t buy the shirt because it was too expensive.Unit2 How often do you exercise?help with housework 资助做家务on weekends 在周末how often 多久一次hardly ever 险些从不once a week 每周一次twice a month 每月两次every day 天天be free 有空go to the movies 去看影戏use the Internet 用互联网swing dance 摇摆舞play tennis 打网球stay up late 熬夜;睡得很晚at least 至少have dance and piano lessons 上舞蹈课和钢琴课go to bed early 早点睡觉play sports 举行体育运动be good for 对……有利益sb. spend time with sb.和某人一起渡过时光be bad for 对……有坏处sb. spend time / money on sth.在某方面花费时间/款项be good with 与……友好相处sb. spend time /money in doing sth.在做某事上花费时间/款项be good at sth./ doing sth 擅长某事/做某事be friendly with sb. 与某人友好相处be friendly to sb. 对某人友好be kind to sb. 对某人友好 go camping 去野营not…at all 一点儿也不……in one’s free time 在某人的业余时间the most popular 最受接待的such as 好比;诸如old habits die hard 积重难返go to the dentist 去看牙医morn than 多于;凌驾less than 少于help sb. with sth.资助某人做某事How about…?怎么样?/ ……好欠好?want sb. to do sth.想让某人做某事How many+可数名词复数+一般疑问句?……有几多……?主语+find+that 从句.……发现……It’s+ adj.+ to do sth.做某事的……的。ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事 ask sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事by doing sth. 通过做某事What’s your favorite……?你最喜爱的……是什么? the best way to do sth.做某事的最好方式Which…do you like best? 你最喜欢词语辨析:1.how often 多久一次,用来提问行动发生的频率。

回覆用:once,twice, three times 等词语。How often do you play sports?Three times a week.how long多长,用来询问多长时间,也可询问某物有多长。

How long does it take to get to Shanghai from here?How long is the ruler?how for 多远, 用来询问距离,指旅程的远近。How far is it from here to the park?It’s about 2 kilometers.1. free 空闲的,有空的, 反义词为 busy. be free 有空,闲着,相当于 have time. I’ll be free next week. = I’ll have time next week.还可作“免费的、自由的”解。

be free to do sth. 自由地做某事。The tickets are free.You’refree to go or to stay.2. How come? 怎么会? 怎么回事?表现某件事情很奇怪,有点想不通;可单独使用,也可引导一个问句, 相当于疑问句 why, 但 how come 开头的特殊疑问句使用的仍然是陈述语序。How come Tom didn’t come to the party? = Why didn’t Tom come to the party?3. stay up late指“熬夜到很晚,迟睡”。

Don’t stay up late next time. stay up 指“熬夜,不睡觉”。He stayed up all night to write his story.4. go to bed 强调“上床睡觉”的行动及历程,但人纷歧定睡着。

I went to bed at eleven lastnight. go to sleep 强调“入睡,睡着,进入梦乡”。She was so tired that she went to sleep soon.5. find + 宾语 +名词, 发现: We have found him (to be) a good boy. find + 宾语 + 形容词, 发现: He found the room dirty.find + 宾语 + 现在分词, 发现 : I found her standing at the door.6. percent 百分数, 基数词 + percent: percent 没有复数形式,作主语时,凭据所修饰的名词来判断谓语的单复数。

Forty percent of the students in our class are girls.Thirty percent of time passed.7. more than 凌驾,多于,不仅仅, 相当于 over. 在句型转换中考察两者的同义替换。反义词组为:less than.I lived in Shanghai for more than / over ten years.9. afraid 形容词, 担忧的,畏惧的,在句中作表语,不用在名词前作定语。I’m afraid we can’t come here on time.be afraid of sb / sth 畏惧某人 / 某事; be afraid of doing sth.畏惧做某事。

Some children are afraid of the dark.Don’t be afraid of asking question. I’m afraid + 从句, 恐怕, 担忧: I’m afraid I have to go now.be afraid to do sth 畏惧做某事10. sometimes , sometime, some times , some time 的区别:sometimes 频度副词, 有时。表现行动发生的不经常性,多与一般现在时连用,可位于句首、句中或句末。

Sometimes I get up very early.How often do you get up?sometime副词,某个时候。表现不确切或不详细的时间,常用于已往时或未来时,对它用疑问词 when. I will go to Shanghai sometime next weekWhen will you go to Shanghai next week?some times名词词组, 频频,几倍。其中 time 是可数名词,对它提问用 how many times. I have read the story some times.How many times have you read the story?some time 名词短语, 一段时间. 表现“一段时间”时,句中谓语动词常为延续性动词,提问时用 How long.I ‘ll stay here for some time.How long will you stay here?Unit3 I’m more outgoing than my sister.Both Sam and Tom can play the drums, but Sam plays them better than Tom. That’s Tara, isn’t it?Are you as friendly as your sister?I’m shy so it’s not easy for me to make friends.more outgoing 更外向as…as…与……一样……the singing competition 唱歌角逐be similar to 与……相像的/类似的be the same as 和……相同;与……一致be different from 与……差别care about 体贴;介意look after 照顾 take care of 照顾be like a mirror 像一面镜子the most important 最重要的as long as 只要;既然bring out 使显现;使体现出get better grades 取得更好的结果 reach for 伸手取in fact 事实上;实际上make friends 交朋侪the other 其他的touch one’s heart 感动某人be talented in music 有音乐天赋be good at 擅长……be good with 善于与……相处have fun doing sth.享受做某事的兴趣be good at doing sth 擅长做某事make sb. do sth.让某人做某事want to do sth.想要做某事as+adj./adv.的原级+as 与……一样…… It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth.对某人来说,做某事……的。词语辨析:laugh v. & n.笑We all laughed loudly when she made a joke. 她说了个笑话,我们都高声笑起来。

We all laughed at his joke. 听了他的笑话我们都笑起来。He laughs best who laughs last. 谁笑在最后,谁笑得最好。/不要兴奋得太早。

(与 at 连用)讽刺Don’t laugh at him. 别讽刺他。People have often laughed at stories told by seamen. 人们经常讽刺海员所讲的故事。Everyone laughed at his foolish antics. 大家都笑他那种愚蠢的滑稽行动。笑;笑声We had a good laugh at his joke. 我们被他的笑话逗得哈哈大笑。

though conj. 虽然;纵然;纵然;只管 = althoughThough it was raining,he went there. 虽然其时正下着雨,他还是到那里去了。Though he was poor he was happy. 虽然他很穷却很快乐。注意:不能受汉语的影响,在 though 引导的从句后使用 but。

如: Though he was poor,but he was happy.(误)thoughadv.. 不外,可是,然而,常用于句末,用逗号离隔。Jim said that he would come, he didn’t , though.形容词和副词的比力级、最高级大多数形容词和副词有三个品级:1)原级(不作比力),修饰词 very,so,too,pretty,really;2)比力级,表现“较……”或“更……”的意思(两者之间举行比力), 标志词 than,A or B,of the two, 修饰词 much,a lot,a little;3)最高级,表现“最……”的意思(三者或三者以上作比力),形容词最高级前面一般要加定冠词 the,后面可带 in(of)短语来什么比力的规模。形容词和副词的比力级和最高级规则变化:构 成 方 法原级比 较 级最 高 级单音一般在词尾加-er 或-esthighhigherhighest节词shortshortershortest和部门双音节以字母 e 词尾的词,加-r 或-stlate finelater finestlatest finest词重读闭音节词词尾只有一个辅音字母时,先双写辅音字母,再加-er或-esthot big thin fathotter bigger thinner fatterhottest biggest thinnest fattest以“辅音字母+y”末端的双音节词,先把“y” 改为“i”,再加-er 或-estfunny easy earlyfunnier easier earlierfunniest easiest earliest多音节 beautifulmore beautifulmost beautiful词和部 在词前加 more 或 mostathleticmore athleticmost athletic分双音 outgoingmore outgoingmost outgoing节词形容词和副词的比力级和最高级不规则变化:原 级比力级最高级good/wellbetterbestbad/badlyworseworstmany/muchmoremostlittlelessleastfarfarther(更远) further(更深远)farthest( 最 远 ) furthest(最深远)as…(原级)as 与……一样……not as/so…as 不如Liming is as tall as Jim.Jack runs as fast as Tom. Lily is not as/so tall as Lucy. =Lily is shorter than Lucy.Unit4 What’s the best movie theater?1. It has the biggest screens.2. The DJs choose songs the most carefuuly.3. How do you like it so far?到现在为止,你认为它怎么样?4. Thanks forget telling me.5. Can I ask you some questions?movie theater 影戏院close to…离……近clothes store 服装店in town 在镇上so far 到现在为止10 minutes by bus 坐公共汽车 10 分钟的旅程talent show 才艺演出in common 配合;共有around the world 世界各地;全世界more and more……越来越…… and so on 等等all kinds of……种种各样的be up to 是……的职责;由……决议not everybody 并不是每小我私家make up 编造(故事、假话等)play a role in…在……方面发挥作用/有影响for example 例如take…seriously 认真看待 give sb. sth.给某人某物come true(梦想、希望)实现;到达 Can I ask you some…?我能问你一些……吗? How do you like…?你认为……怎么样?Thanks for doing sth.因做某事而谢谢。

What do you think of…?你认为……怎么样?much+ adj./adv.的比力级……得多watch sb. do sth.寓目某人做某事play a role in doing sth.发挥做某事是作用/在做某事方面饰演重要的角色one of+可数名词的复数……之一形容词和副词的最高级比力级有变化,一般词尾加-er,最高级有变化,词尾加上-est, 词尾若是哑音 e, 直接加 r 就可以,词尾若是哑音 e, 直接加上-st, 辅音字母加 y, 记得把 y 变 i 加-er,辅音字母加 y, y 变 i 再加-est,一辅重读闭音节,末尾双写加-er,一辅重读闭音节,末尾双写加-est, 形副音节 123,比力品级 more 在前。形副单词多音节,最高级前 the most。1.表现由动词加-ing 或-ed 组成的形容词。

2. 表现由形容词加后缀-ly 组成的副词。3. 表现部门双音节及多音节词。tall-- tallershort-- shorterlong-- longerfat-- fatterheavy-- heavierthin -- thinner cute -- cuterclever-- clevereststrict -- stricterkind -- kindernice -- nicercalm -- calmerwild -- wildersmart -- smarter quiet -- quieterloud-loudershy -- shier lovely -- lovelierpretty-- prettierugly-uglierfunny -- funnierfriendly --friendlier / less friendly happy--happierlazy -- lazierpopular -- more popularoutgoing – more outgoing talented -- more talented serious –more/less serious active -- more activeathletic --more athletichandsome --more handsomebeautiful -- more beautifulhardworking – more/ less hardworking ( jump) high -- higher( run ) fast -- faster( work ) hard -- harder( get up ) early -- earlier( sing ) well -- sing betterlate -- later ( dance ) well -- dance better( play basketball ) well -- (play basketball ) betterbe good at -- be better at( feel )good -- ( feel )better(sing) clearly -- (sing) more clearly(speak) loudly -- (speak) more loudly calmly -- more calmlywildly -- more wildlyquietly -- more quietlyseriously --more seriously actively -- more activelyUnit5 Do you want to watch a game show?think of 认为learn from 从……获得;向……学习find out 查明;弄清楚talk show 谈话节目game show 游戏节目soap opera 肥皂剧go on 发生watch a movie 看影戏a pair of 一双;一对 try one’s best 尽某人最大努力as famous as 与……一样有名have a discussion about 就……讨论 one day 有一天such as 例如dress up 妆扮;梳理take sb.’s place 取代;替换do a good job 干得好something enjoyable 令人愉快的工具interesting information 有趣的资料one of……之一look like 看起来像around the world 全世界a symbol of……的象征let sb. do sth.让某人做某事plan to do sth.计划/计划做某事hope to do sth.希望做某事happen to do sth.碰巧做某事expect to do sth.盼愿做某事How about doing…?做……怎么样? be ready to do sth.乐于做某事try one’s best to do sth.努力做某事1.the other, the others, other, others,another 辨析the other 表现特指两个或者两部份中的另一个或另一部门,可直接单数名词或复数名词。表现两其中的一个……另一个……时,常用 one …the other…。

例: He has two brothers, one is a teacher, the other is a doctor. There are forty students in our class. twenty-one are girls, the other nineteen are boys. the others 特指某一规模内的其他的(人或物),是 the other 的复数形式,相当于 the other+复数名词。the other + 复数名词 = any other + 名词单数。例: You two stay here, the others go with me. I’m different from Jeff because I’m louder than the other kids (any other kid) in my class. other 作代词或形容词,可修饰可数名词单数或复数。例: We learn Chinese, Maths, English and other subjects. others 作代词,泛指“其他的人或物”。

例: Some students are doing homework,others are talking loudly. another 泛指同类事物中的三者或三者以上的“另一个”,只能取代或修饰单数可数名词。例: I don’t like this one. Please show me another one. 3. find out 查明,弄清楚,find 找到Please find out when Mrs Green will go to Beijing.4. go on 发生,与 take place 同义I wonder what was going on.翻译:隔邻发生了什么? ? 1. happen v.发生,一般指偶然发生,主语为事,不能为人。Sth + happens to sb. A traffic accident happened to his elder brother yesterday. Sth + happens + 所在/时间,意为:某地/某时发生了某事An accident happened on Park Street.happen v,表现“碰巧”,主语可以是人,后常跟动词不定式 to,表现“碰巧……”. Sb + happens to do sth. I happened to see my uncle on the street. * take place 意为“发生,举行,举行”,一般指非偶然性事件的“发生”,即这种事件的发生一定有某种原因或事先的摆设。

例:Great changes have taken place in China. The meeting will take place next Friday.2. expect v. 期待,盼愿,预期,后常接四种结构: 1)expect + 名词/代词,期待某事/某人,预计……可能发生。I’m expecting Li Lin’s letter. 2)expect to do sth. 预计做某事Lily expects to come back next week. 3)expect sb. to do sth.期望某人做某事I expect my mother to come back early. 4)expect + 从句 预计…… I expected that I’ll come back next Monday. 7. serious a. 严肃的,认真的。He is a serious man. be serious about sb/sth. 对某人/某事认真Peter is serious about Jenny. He wants to get married to her.be serious about doing sth. 对某事认真 He’s serious about selling his house. take sth. seriously认真看待某事动词不定式做宾语Unit6 I’m going to study computer science.grow up 发展;长大every day 天天be sure about 对……有掌握make sure 确信;务必send…to…把……送到……be able to 能the meaning of……的意思different kinds of 差别种类的write down 写下;记下have to do with 关于;与……有关系take up 开始做;学着做hardly ever 险些不;很少too…to…太……而不能……/太……以至于不能be going to+动词原形计划做某事practice doing 训练做某事keep on doing sth.不停地做某事learn to do sth.学会做某事finish doing sth.做完某事promise to do sth.许诺去做某事help sb. to do sth.资助某人做某事remember to do sth.记着做某事agree to do sth.同意做某事love to do sth.喜爱做某事want to do sth.想要做某事1 promise vt. 保证,许诺。

有三种结构: 1)promise to do sth. My mother promised to buy a piano for me. 2)promise sb. sth. My aunt promised me a bike.3)promise + that 从句 Tom promises that he can return on time. promise n. 允诺, 信誉 make a promiseLily is a dishonest girl. She never keeps a promise. 2.when 与 while 的区别:when 表现“当…时候”,既指时间点,又指一段时间,when 引导的时间状语从句中的动词可以是终止性的也可以是延续性的。When the teacher came in, the students were talking.When she arrives, I’ll call you.while 表现“当…时候”,仅指一段时间,从句中的行动必须是延续性的,一般强调主从句的行动同时发生, while 还可以作并列连词,意为“ 而、却”,表现对比关系。Lisa was singing while her mother was playing piano. Tom is strong while his younger brother is week.3. practice vt. 训练, 后接名词,代词或 v-ing 作宾语。Your elder sister is practicing playing the guitar in the room.常跟 v-ing 作宾语的动词有:思量建议盼原谅:consider, suggest/advise, look forward to, excuse, pardon. 认可推迟没得想: admit, delay/put off, fancy.制止错过继续练:avoid, miss, keep/keep on, practice. 否认完成能浏览: deny, finish, enjoy, appreciate.不禁介意与逃亡: can’t help , mind, escape. 禁绝冒险凭想象: forbid, risk, imagine.4. everyday 与 every day 区别everyday adj. 天天的 在句中作定语,位于名词前。


This is our everyday homework.every day 副词短语, 在句中作状语,位于句首或句末。He reads books every day. be going to 的用法1) be going to + 动词原形——表现未来的计划、计划或摆设。

常与表现未来的 tomorrow, next year 等时间状语或 when 引导的时间状语从句连用。种种句式变换都借助 be 动词完成,be 随主语有 am, is, are 的变换,going to 后接动词原形。

肯定句: 主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他。He is going to take the bus there.否认句: 主语 + be not going to + 动词原形 + 其他 I’m not going to see my friends this weekend. 一般疑问句: Be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他 肯定回覆: Yes, 主语 + be.否认回覆: No, 主语 + be not. Are you going to see your friends this weekend? Yes ,I am. / No, I’m not. 特殊疑问句: 疑问词 + be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他? What is he going to do this weekend? When are you going to see your friends? 2) 如果表现计划去某地,可直接用 be going to + 所在We are going to Beijing for a holiday.3) 表现位置移动的动词,如 go , come, leave 等常用举行时表现未来。

The bus is coming.My aunt is leaving for Beijing next week. 4) be going to 与 will 的区别:① 对未来事情的预测用“ will + 动词原形”表达,will 没有人称和数的变化,变否认句要在 will 后面加 not, 也可用 will 后面加 not,或者缩略式 won’t, 变一般疑问句将 will 提至 句首。Will planes be large in the future?Yes, they will. / No, they won’t. ②will 常表现说话人相信或希望要发生的事情,而 be going to 指某事肯定发生,常表现事情很快就要发生。I believe Lucy will be a great doctor. ③ 陈述未来的某个事实用 will.I will ten years old next year.④表现现在庞大未来要做的事情用 will. I’m tired I will go to bed.⑤ 表现意愿用 will.I’ll tell you the truth.⑥ 表现计划、计划要做的事情用 be going to, 而不用 will. I’m going to buy a computer this month.---Let’s discuss the plan, shall we?Not now. I to an interview. A. goB. wentC. am goingD. was going------Jack is busy packing luggageYes. He for America on vacation. A. leavesB. leftC. is leavingD. has been awayUnit 7 Will people have robots? 短 语 :on computers on paper live to be 200 years old free time be in danger on the earth play a part in sth/doing sthlive on a space station look forcomputer programmer in the future huandreds ofthe same…asover and over againget bored wake up look like = be like 像…fall down 用法: will + 动词原形 将要做have to do sth 不得不做某事fewer/more + 可数名词复数 更少/更多… less/more + 不行数名词 更少/更多agree with sb. 同意某人的意见try to do sth. 努力做某事disagree with sb. 差别意某人的意见try doing sth. 实验做某事 such + 名词(词组) 如此play a part in doing sth 到场做某事make sb do sth让某人做某事help sb with sth 资助某人做某事 make sb +adj.让某人怎么样help sb (to)do sth 资助某人做某事make sb. sth. make me a better person 使我成为更好的人 There will be + 主语 + 其他 将会有….There is/are + sb. + doing sth 有…正在做… It is + 形容词 + for sb + to do sth 做某事对某人来说…的 词语辨析:1. every 与 each 的区别: every 用来表整体,each 用来表个体。

each 最低需是两,every 最低需是三。every adj. every 作主用单数,each 可单也可复,作主、作定用单数,其他情况用复数。each adj./ pron. Every teacher knows her. There are lots of trees on each side of the road. Each of the road has a dictionary. 2. on the earth 在地球上,作所在状语,位于句首或句末。

on earth 究竟,到底。用于疑问句或副词后,增强语气。

All the living things on the earth depend on the sun. / What on earth do you mean?3. human, 指包罗男子女人孩子的“人,人类”,有别于动物,自然景物,机械等的特殊群体,也可指详细的人。person, 无性别之分,常用于数目不太大,而且数目比力准确的场所。

people, 泛指“人们”,表现复数观点。man,前不带冠词而且单独使用时,指“男子”,a man 可指“一小我私家/ 一个男子”,复数形式为 men. He was the only human on the island.There are only three persons in the room. There are many people there.Man is stronger than woman.4. seem 连系动词,似乎,似乎,看来。

有下面几种用法: seem + 名词 看起来。He seems a nice man.seem like 似乎,似乎。It seemed like a good idea at the time.seem to do sth. 似乎/看起来/似乎做某事。


I seem to have left my book at home. It seems/seemed that 看起来似乎…, 似乎…. He was very happy.seem to be + 形容词/名词 = seem + 形容词/名词。She seems to be happy.= She seems happy.5. probably ad. maybe 相当于 perhaps. 也许,或许,可能。

作状语. probably 用于句中,可能性最大。He will probably come tomorrow. maybe/perhaps 用于句首。Maybe/Perhaps you are right.1. during / for / in 介词,在……期间。

说到某事是在某一段时间之间发生的用 during; 说到某事连续多久则用 for; 说到某事详细发生的时间用 in. We visited many places of interest during the summer holiday. I’ve been here for two weeks. They usually leave school in July. 一般未来时结构: 肯定式: 主语 + will/shall + 动词原形 + 其他will 用于种种人称,shall 用于第一人称。主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他 be 随人称、数和时间的变化而变换。否认式: 在 will/shall/be 后面加 not. will not = won’t 一般疑问句: 将 will/shall/be 提到主语前面。There be 句型的一般未来时: There will be + 主语 + 其他 ,意为 :将会有。

一般疑问句形式为: Will there be + 主语 + 其他。肯定回覆是: Yes, there will. 否认回覆是: No, there won’t. 否认形式是:There won’t be + 主语 + 其他, 将不会有…… 特殊疑问句是: 疑问词/ 词组 + 一般疑问句? When will there be a nice basketball match? Traveling to space is no longer just a dream. Russia the first hotel in space in the near future. A. builds B. will build C. built D. has built There a football match on CCTV-5 at nine tomorrow evening. A. will have B. is going to be C . is having In 50 years there more robots in people’s homes. A. were B. will have C. will beD. have--Will people live to be 300 years old?-- . A. No, they aren’t B. No, they won’tC. No, they don’tD. No, they can’t. They any classes next week. A. will haveB. won’t haveC. have D. hadUnit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake? 短 语 :milk shake turn onpour intoa cup of yogurtSounds like a good idea/plan. on Saturdaycut upput intoone more thing=another thing a piece of bread at this time a few/ few (险些没有)fill…with…cover…with…one by one a long time 短语用法:How many + 可数名词复数 How much + 不行数名词 let sb. + do sth. want + to do sth.forget + to do sth.how + to do sth. There are many reasons for一段时间 +agoby + doing sth. need + to do sth. make + 宾 语 + 形 容词It’s time(for sb) + to do sth First…Next…Then…Finally… 句型:Turn on the blender.How do you make a banana milk shake? How many bananas do we need?How much yogurt do we need? Now, it’s time to enjoy the rice noodles! 语法:主谓一致判断法: 1. 不行数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数。2. 动名词或动词不定式作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

3. either…or…, neither…nor…, not only…but also..毗连两个名词或代词作主语时,谓语动词与相近的名词或代词在人称和数上保持一致。4. 在 here, there 开头的倒装句中,谓语动词与后面的名词在数上保持一致。

词语辨析:1. turn on 打开,接通(电源,气,水),反义词是 turn off. turn up/turn down 调高/低音量。2. pour…into… 将…倒入/灌入… into 是:进入… in 是:在…内。在 put, throw, break, lay, fall 等动词之后,既可用 in,也可用 into。

但 in 可作副词,into 不能。He put all the books in/into the bag. Come in! 3. 有关 make 的短语: make the bed 铺床make tea 沏茶make trouble 惹贫苦make money 赚钱make a decision 做 决议make a telephone call 打电话make a visit 拜 访 make a mistake 犯 错误make a noise 弄出噪音 make a living 谋 生 make sure 务 必 4. one more thing = another one thing 基数词 + more + 名词 = another + 基数词 + 名词 5. fill with 用…填充… be filled with = be full of 充满…. The boy filled the bottle with sand. / The bag was full of clothes. 6. cover…with… 用…把…笼罩 be covered with 被…所笼罩。

cover n. 封面,盖子。Ann covered her face with her hands./ The cover of the magazine is nice. 7. It’s time (for sb) to do sth. 到某人做某事的时候了。It’s time for sth. 到做某事的时候了。

Unit 9 Can you come to my party? 短语:on Saturday afternoonhave toprepare for an examgo to the doctor/dentist have the fluhelp my parentscome to the partymeet my friendgo to the partytoo much homeworkgo to the movies another time last fall hang out after schoolon the weekend study for a testvisit grandparents the day before yesterdaythe day after tomorrow look after have a piano lesson accept an invitationturn down an invitation take a trip at the end of this month at the beginning of this month look forward to doing sth. the opening ofgo shoppingtoo much homeworkgo to the concertnot…until reply in writing 书面回复reply to sth/sb. 回复 短语用法: invite sb. to do sth. What + a/an + 形容词 + 可数名词单数 (+ 主语 + 谓语)! help sb. (to) do sthWhat + 形容词 + 名词复数/不行数名词(+ 主语 + 谓语)! be sad to do sth.see sb to do sth / see sb doing sth the best way to do sth.have a surprise party for sb What’s today?What’s the date today? What day is it today? 句型:Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon? Sure, I’d love to. / Sorry, I can’t. I have to prepare for an exam. 1. prepare 意为“准备”,强调准备的行动与历程。宾语是这一行动的蒙受者。其后也可接双宾语,还可接不定式。

prepare for sth. 为…准备好。for 的宾语不是行动的蒙受者,而是表现准备的目的,即所要应付的情况。/ prepare to do sth 准备做某事。prepare 强调准备的行动与历程。

宾语是这一行动的蒙受者。其后也可接双宾语,还可接不定式。get/be ready 意为“准备好”,强调准备的效果。

常见结构有:①be ready(for sth.)②get sth. ready ③be ready(for sth)④be get ready to do(准备干某事,乐于干某事)We the mid-term examination.Miss Li said, “Everyone should before class.2. have the flu 患伤风have a cold伤风have a cough咳嗽have a fever发烧have a sore throat喉咙痛have a headache头痛have a toothache牙痛3. hang out 常去某处,泡在某处hang on牢牢抓住hang about 闲荡hang up挂电话,悬挂, 挂起4. catch you = bye byecatch a cold伤风catch sb’s eye引起某人注意catch the train遇上火车catch up with遇上,,跟上catch hold of抓住5. accept 接受 , 反义词为: refuse。accept 指主观上愿意接受,receive 收到,指客观上收到或拿到, 但主观上纷歧定会接受。

I received his gift yesterday, but I wouldn’t like to accept it.1. turn down = refuse 拒绝turn up 放大,调高turn over 翻身take turns 依次,轮流2. help sb.(to) do sth 资助某人做某事help sb. with sth在某方面资助人help oneself to sth随便吃3. at the end of在…末尾,在…止境,by the end of到…末为止in the end of终于4. surprised 形容词,感应意外的,主语是人 be surprised to do sth对做某事感应意外surprising 形容词,令人惊讶的,主语是物The news was surpring.surprise名词,惊讶、惊讶 to one’s surprise动词,使惊讶,使感应意外 It surprise sb to do sth.5. look forward to期待,盼愿,to 是介词,后跟名词,代词或动名词作宾语。hear from sb. 收到某人的来信 = receive a letter from sb. hear of = hear about 听说6. make it 在约定的时间内到达,能够来 =arrive in time;Glad you could make it.商量确定的时间,表现未来某项计划的摆设,后接时间状语。Let’s make it at seven o’clock on Tuesday.乐成办成某事 = succeedAfter years of hard work, he finally made it.7. reply回覆,指用口头或书面形式回覆,不及物动词reply to sb/sth.对…..作出回覆。

作及物动词,意为 回覆,回覆说。作名词,意为:答道,回信,回复,后跟介词 to . answer 是最普通的用语,包罗口头,书面或行动的回覆,可作及物和不及物动词。Unit 10 If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time!短语:go to the partyhave a great /good timestay at hometake the bus tomorrow night have a class partyhave a class meetinghalf the classmake some food at the partyorder foodpotato chipsbe angry with sb. give sb some advice travel around the worldgo to collegemake(a lot of)money get an education work hard a soccer playerkeep…to oneselftalk to sb.in lifein the endbe angry at/about sthmake mistakesin the future run awaythe first stepin halfsolve a problemschool clean-up习习用法: ask sb. to do sthgive sb sth.tell sb. to do sthit’s too…to do sth be afraid to do sth.advise sb to do sthIt’s best (not)to do sth.need to do sth语法:I think I’ll take the bus to the party.If you do, you’ll be late.What will happen if they have the party today?If they have it today, half the class won’t come. Should we ask people to bring food?If we ask people to bring food, they’ll just bring potato chips and chocolate.。